Fertility in Your 20s, 30s, and 40s


Even when you’re in your twenties, becoming pregnant isn’t as easy as you might believe. The chances of pregnancy also diminish heavily when you age into your thirties and forties. However, there are risk factors and causes that can lead to a greater risk of infertility with each of these age periods. Understanding what these risks and infertility causes are can help you increase your chances of conceiving at the age you wish to.

Infertility During Your 20’s

When in your twenties, this is easily the best time to try and get pregnant if you’re considering it, as the odds of doing so each month are at their highest during these years. It’s important to understand, however, that infertility is a problem that can arise at any age. The reason for this is that there are generally several causes of infertility in women. One of these causes is due to a lowered health of a woman’s egg. When a woman is in her twenties, egg quality is at its best, but all the other causes for infertility are still possible.

All in all, now is the opportune time to become pregnant, especially due to the fact your physical traits are at their best during your twenties. Not only does this increase your chances of becoming pregnant, it also reduces the possibility of going through serious complications that can adversely affect pregnancies, such as a miscarriage or abnormal pregnancy. At this age, you will also have a lot of energy, which is useful when raising a child.


Though the risks of pregnancy are much lower when in your twenties, it’s still possible to suffer from some pregnancy-related problems. The most common of these is what is known as Preeclampsia. This condition occurs when a pregnant woman suffers from high blood pressure. Once the blood pressure is high enough, iron can seep into the urine, which can eventually cause severe problems for both the mother and child, though it is manageable if caught early enough.

It should also be noted that getting pregnant when in your twenties, especially your early twenties, may simply be too soon. This is the period of time where most people are just beginning their careers and are attempting to make their mark in the world. Becoming pregnant at such a young age can sidetrack your career goals if you aren’t emotionally ready to bear the responsibilities that come with your career and family. While you may feel as though your biological clock is ticking, you likely have more time than you imagine.

There are also several risks to the baby that you should be aware of, though these are easily at their lowest when you’re in your twenties. In general, the risk of having a baby with some sort of chromosomal abnormality at birth is around 1/500. These already small numbers lessen dramatically when looking specifically at down syndrome. While it’s impossible to predict whether or not your child will suffer from some form of condition or illness when they are born, it should give you a peace of mind that the chances of any issue occurring are at their lowest when at this age.

Treatment Options

There are several treatment options that you can pursue if you’ve been told that you’re infertile. There are also several ways that you can boost fertility when in your 20’s. Certain lifestyle choices can lessen your fertility, such as a diet filled too much with alcohol or unhealthy foods. Maintaining a healthy weight can work wonders in ensuring that you get pregnant when you want to. When attempting to conceive, you’re also going to want to limit your caffeine intake and stay away entirely from cigarettes.

As for treatment options in the case of infertility, certain options are more effective at a younger age. The procedure known as ovulation induction is most effective for women that are under the age of 35, though this effectiveness is still just above 40 percent. Your reproductive history can also play a part in how effective induction is. It’s also important to identify whether or not the male may also be part of the reason as to why you’re currently infertile. Having these evaluations completed as soon as possible will allow you to tackle the problem immediately.

Infertility During Your 30’s

Once you reach your thirties, your chances of infertility increase, especially as you reach the latter portion of these years. The chances of a woman in her thirties becoming pregnant each month are less than 20 percent, with this number going even lower after 35. One of the primary benefits of having a child in the 30’s is that you are typically more financially ready for doing so. One of the largest issues a woman in her twenties faces with pregnancy is being able to support the child as they are growing. This is not as much of a burden if you decide to wait.

It’s also much simpler to deal with the problems that derive from raising a child when some of your friends of the same age are likely to have already dealt with this and can provide you with assistance and friendly advice when necessary. In general, the chances of becoming pregnant during your early to mid-thirties is not yet low enough to be considered at a dangerous level.


Now that you’re in your thirties and attempting to conceive, there are numerous risks, both to you and the baby, that you should be aware of. When it comes to the risk of down syndrome, women of 30 years of age face a 1/1000 chance of giving birth to a child suffering from this condition. At 35, this risk increases to 1/365. For a chromosomal abnormality as a whole, the risk is around 1/197 for a woman giving birth at 35. When you’re considering conceiving, being aware of these risks and the consequences they can bring about is essential. You want to be prepared for any eventuality, and may decide to look at other options for having a child.

For the mother, several risks are present at this age. Miscarriages are much more likely to occur, due to the reduced chances of giving birth. It can also be a more stressful time for the mother, especially if the need to have a child is brought on by stress caused by pressure from friends and family. These, along with the risks associated with a woman in her twenties, are the primary risks you will experience when giving birth in your thirties.

Treatment Options

When in your thirties, there are ways for you to increase fertility, as well as treatment options if you’ve been found to be infertile. For one, your weight should be at a standard BMI range when attempting to conceive. It’s also important for women of this age to cease any birth control they’ve been taken for a lengthy period of time at least a little bit before trying to conceive. The reason for this is because a regular ovulatory cycle needs to be established once again. However, this cycle should return to normal almost immediately once you stop taking birth control pills.

As for treatment options, you should seek treatment for infertility after six months of being unable to conceive. The options available to you are just the same as the ones available to those in their twenties. You will want to inquire about these treatment possibilities as early in your thirties as is possible, due to the fact that time only increases the chances of needing to use donor eggs instead.

Infertility During Your 40’s

Once you get to your forties, the chances of conceiving are incredibly low, settling between one to five percent each month. One benefit of having a baby at this age is that women are generally much more prepared to do so, and have been ready for quite some time. The confidence a woman typically has at this age in both financial and mental matters can be extremely beneficial towards having a baby. However, now is the time where the risks of having a child become most evident.


Having a child in your forties is risky for both you and the baby. Any type of risk typically attributed to a pregnancy, such as hypertension, delivery issues, prolonged labor and Cesarean birth, is much more likely to occur with a woman in her forties, especially in the latter years. It’s also important to understand that the quality, as well as the total amount, of a woman’s eggs are on the decline.

This greatly heightens the possibility of being infertile. As for the baby, the possibilities of giving birth to a child with down syndrome rests between 1/30 and 1/90, depending on your age. When looking at the possibility of any chromosomal abnormality, these chances rise to anywhere from 1/66 to 1/21, depending on whether you’re in your early forties or late forties.

Treatment Options

When in your forties, looking for ways to treat infertility, and methods to increase fertility, are essential to boosting your chances of having a healthy child. For increasing fertility, it’s essential that you lead a healthy lifestyle. You need to treat your body well by minimizing stress and focusing on getting enough sleep every night. There are several things you can do to achieve a healthier lifestyle, such as performing exercise on a regular basis and trying your hand at yoga and meditation. Because the chances of becoming pregnant are so low when in your forties, you may want to consider seeking treatment options for infertility before even attempting to conceive.

This will highlight any issues you’re currently experiencing, so that you don’t have to go through months of trying to conceive before seeing a doctor. The time to conceive is limited at this age, so use it wisely. When it comes to treatment options available to you, they are the exact same as the ones available to women in their twenties and thirties. The only difference is that they have a reduced chance of being successful. One of the best options available at this age is In Vitro Fertilization. However, the chances of becoming pregnant with this method are just around ten percent. Since the quantity of your eggs is lessening as you get older, consider egg donation, which can be very beneficial when trying to get pregnant.

Infertility Causes Among All Ages

There is a myriad of causes that can bring about infertility in a woman. Most of these infertility causes can occur in a woman of any age. However, the primary cause is age itself. As women become older, a number of eggs they have drastically decreased, as does the quality of these eggs. Since infertility can occur at any age, this isn’t the sole cause of the condition. Hormonal issues could lead to infertility. For ovulation to occur, standard hormonal changes must take place. These changes are typically timed, so it’s relatively easy to determine whether or not they are taking place as they should.

The Fallopian tubes might also be damaged. These tubes carry the eggs to the uterus, but can cause problems where the egg can’t reach the sperm. Surgeries in the pelvic region, as well as infections, can create the damage that would lead to this problem. The uterus might also be abnormal in its anatomy while the cervical canal might not allow the sperm to go through it as it’s intended to. With the latter problem, treatment options are available. Lastly, the issue may simply be unknown. Twenty percent of people suffering from infertility are unable to identify what’s causing the problem.

Now that you know about infertility, you can take the actions necessary to boost your chances of becoming pregnant when you desire to.